Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, Cleanup, and Litigation: A Collection of Social-Impacts Information and Analysis

The oil spill from the Exxon Valdez grounding not only contaminated natural habitat and resources but also produced a cleanup effort that was a major causal agent for ongoing social impacts among the communities in Southcentral Alaska. The effect from the oil spill, cleanup and subsequent litigation were documented variously in media coverage and by research initiated by MMS, the Alaska Conference of Mayors, the State of Alaska, Federal resource and response agencies, academic institutions and individual researchers. The level of information regarding the changes in the human environment related to the Exxon Valdez oil spill, cleanup, and litigation varied. The objective of the study was to: collect, organize, and synthesize all community-based social information associated with the Exxon Valdez oil spill, cleanup, and litigation for the period 1989 (the year of the spill) through 1996 (the year of contract initiation) and identify key social factors and analyse the literature by these factors showing effects resulting from the Exxon Valdez oil spill, cleanup, and litigation. The research was funded by MMS. Five volumes were produced from the research effort: Volume One Final Comprehensive Report; Volume II Final Analysis on Social Factor by Social Factor Basis; Volume Three Final Social Factors; Volume IV Introduction to the Final Annotated Bibliography and Abstracts; and Volume V Final Annotated Bibliography and Abstracts.